Chinese vs. Western parenting seems to be compared quite a bit these days. Many people in the Western hemisphere have developed the belief that the traditional Chinese parenting method can be cruel. This belief, however, can come from a lack of knowledge about the traditions and parenting styles in Chinese culture. When you receive all of your information from pop culture and the mainstream media, it can be easy to fall into this way of thinking.
Chinese parenting styles are deeply rooted in tradition and believe that family is immensely important. Chinese parents place a significant emphasis on their children putting forth their best effort in everything they pursue, believing that the child’s success will help the entire family prosper. Chinese parenting is so much more than pop culture has led many to believe.
The Importance of Family in Chinese Parenting
Confucianism holds the belief that family is one of the most important aspects of a moral society. The system of beliefs held the values that parents and ancestors should be treated with the utmost respect and that the younger generations hold an obligation to care for their older generations. This value is known as filial piety.
Because of this belief, Chinese parents who follow Confucian practices instil a deep sense of the importance of family and filial piety in their children. Western society, however, is much more rooted in individualism, which is why Western parents tend to place less emphasis on the importance of family.
Parent-Led vs Child-Led
When it comes to teaching their children new life skills or working toward new milestones, Western parents and Chinese parents tend to have completely different approaches. Western parents tend to wait for their children to show signs of readiness before working toward developmental milestones like potty training.
In Western society, individualism and moving at the child’s pace are emphasized as Western parents work toward allowing their children to learn independence and be their own person. Chinese parents, however, tend to take the lead in their child’s development and learning. Chinese parents begin working toward new developmental milestones when their child has reached a certain age, rather than waiting for their child to begin showing signs of readiness.
The Expectations Placed on Children
Chinese parents tend to place great expectations on their children. This falls back on the value of filial piety. Confucianism places emphasis on one’s obligations toward their family and community. Because this belief system has become such a large part of Chinese culture, Chinese parents tend to push for their children to be great. They work hard to create an environment that gives their child the best opportunities for success.
These great expectations are precisely why Chinese parents tend to push their children to continue to learn and practice until they have mastered a subject or new skill. If their child is practising a complex musical piece or working on a challenging subject in school, their parents will take the initiative to push the child until they are successful.
Western society is much more individualistic. Rather than pushing for their child’s success, Western parents tend to allow their children to take the lead in what they wish to pursue. Some children may choose to pursue academics, while others may choose to pursue sports. Either way, Western parents leave their own children to decide how hard they would like to push for success.
An Emphasis on Effort
As we noted earlier, Western parents tend to allow their children to take the lead in learning new skills, working toward developmental milestones, and pursuing certain lifestyles. This means that when the child grows tired of pursuing a skill or believes that something is just too hard, the Western parent will likely back down, allowing their little one to give up.
On the other hand, Chinese parents tend to believe that their child will be able to master any skill successfully with enough effort. Because of this belief in their child’s potential, Chinese parents tend to take the lead in pushing for more and more effort. While learning a new subject or practising a new skill can be frustrating or exhausting, the end result of pushing through will ultimately pay off. This is why Chinese parents push so hard for their children to continue putting in the effort. They know that the frustration will be well worth it in the end.
While Chinese parents tend to take the lead in most aspects of their children’s life, friendships and socialization tend to be more child-led. Chinese parents do not typically seek playdates or arrange friendships for their children but allow them to make friends themselves as they see fit.
On the other hand, Western parents place a huge emphasis on socializing with their children from a young age. Parents in Western societies tend to take the lead when it comes to the children’s friendships, arranging playdates and meet-ups, so their child is placed in social situations.
Self-Esteem vs. Modesty
Western parents tend to play cheerleaders in all their children’s accomplishments- no matter how big or small. If their child does well on an exam, they may reward them with ice cream or give them words of affirmation. If the child scores a goal at their soccer match, they may scream out words of praise from the sidelines.
On the other hand, Chinese culture holds the belief that modesty is the best policy. Therefore, Chinese parents tend to emphasize working harder and getting better every day so that their children never fall behind and have the greatest chance of being the best. Rather than praising every little thing their child does, the Chinese parent will be more likely to tell them to continue working hard and getting better.
Which Style Do You Choose?
Chinese vs. Western parenting styles both have their own benefits and downfalls. The benefits of Chinese parenting styles can be great, though. According to research by Yong Zhao and Wei Qiu, Asian Americans tend to be much more well represented in America’s most prestigious universities, job fields, and rewards. Learning more about Chinese parenting styles can help any parent find ways to help their child find the best route to success.